With the talks about mental health illnesses today, it’s only right that we should talk about the basic things that you need to know about major depression. This will not only help you understand what major depression is but will also make you aware of the things that you should watch out, especially if you’re starting to make investments in your health.
What Is Major Depression
Major depression is also known as major or unipolar depressive disorder, which is characterized by persistent sadness and lack of interest. Unipolar depression has its difference, especially between bipolar depression and major depression. The reason behind this is Unipolar is more focused on the degree of lows with negative symptoms and emotions.
Major depression, on the other hand, is well understood in the medical field. It is usually treatable through talk therapy and medication.
Statistics Of People With Depression
Based on the Journal of American Medical Association, 8 to 12% of men are depressed, while 20 to 26% are women in the US alone. The majority of these people don’t seek treatment because they are unaware of it, while some are due to financial reasons. As you can see above, women are most commonly affected by depressive disorder due to different causes, from recurring or chronic problems, to even pregnancy.
Of course, major depression is a serious problem for both men and women. It can be fatal if left untreated; which is why it is essential to always see a specialist or someone you know who is suffering from depression. With the help of medication, support groups, and psychotherapy, there’s a higher chance that depression can be cured. You shouldn’t worry about maxing out your credit card because there is affordable mental health care that can help you.
Causes Of Major Depression
Major depression can affect almost everyone, and the reasons can vary. But according to a study, one of the factors that can cause depression is your family tree. Of course, depression can also root from the anatomical and physiological basis.
Kinds Of Major Depression
There are different degrees of major depression, which can affect your daily living. Each kind of depression has certain causes and this usually includes a disinterest in some of the activities that you used to love. So here are the different kinds of major depression that you should know about:
1. SAD or Seasonal Affective Disorder
SAD is usually categorized as a depressive disease, which is generally caused by a particular time of the year. Usually, this occurs during the winter season when there isn’t much sunlight. Based on the National Institute of Mental Health, SAD can effectively be treated with light therapy, though some don’t get better with this kind of therapy alone.
2. Postpartum Depression
Postpartum depression is common among new mothers because of the hormonal changes that they experience after giving birth. Raining a new child can be stressful, and the changes can affect not only your body but your mood as well. Also, according to the Canadian Mental Health Association, people who adopt can experience the signs and symptoms of postpartum depression, too.
3. Psychotic Depression
Usually, this type of depression develops if a person has been delusional or has been hallucinating. Usually, this can happen because of a traumatic experience or if the person already experienced depression before.
Symptoms Of Major Depressive Disorder:
Lethargy and exhaustion
Weight gain or loss
Suicidal or morbid thoughts
Lashing out on people
Inability to focus
These are some of the basic information that you need to be aware of about major depression. If you are or if you know someone who is suffering from depression, please don’t hesitate to seek or offer support. Also, it would be best to see a specialist to help you get the right medications and therapy for yourself. Remember that your overall health is your biggest investment.
Based on Materials from Psycom
Photo Sources: Erickson, Harvard Health, Epilepsyu